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Language and Power

When interested in the structures of power, one must also study language.

In ‌How to Do Things with Words (1962), John Austin distinguishes factual assertions from performative utterances. The first are declarative, they contain a descriptive purpose; the latter are imperative, they conceal a purpose of action.

In declarative programming, information is declared through semantic code, like HTML or XML; content is described and can already be read.

In imperative programming, one expresses commands to elaborate a controlling structure, which must be executed.

Scripts are apparatuses of power among others.

That is the distinction between a text and a program: read, else obey.